Varanasi is sometimes referred as the cultural capital of India and the melting pot of Indian civilization. Varanasi or Benaras has a well-developed transport network and is well connected to all the major Indian cities and states by air, road and rail.
By Air The nearest airport is Babatpur, 22 km from Varanasi and 30 Km from Sarnath. Direct flight for Varanasi are available from Delhi, Agra, Khajurao, Calcutta, Mumbai, Lucknow and Bhuvaneshwar airport.
Varanasi and Mughal Sarai (one of the main railway stations of Varanasi) are the important rail junctions, with train connections to all major cities of India. Some important trains are : Rajdhani Exp ( Hawrah - Mughal Sarai - New Delhi); Toofan Exp ( Howrah - Mughal Sarai - Delhi); North East Superfast Exp ( Delhi - Mughal Sarai Guwahati) ; Magadh Exp ( Delhi - Mughal Sarai Patna) ; Mahanagari Exp ( Varanasi - Mumbai ) ; Pawan Exp ( Varanasi - Mumbai ) ; Sabarmati Exp ( Varanasi - Ahmedabad) ; Ganga Kaveri Exp ( Varanasi - Chennai) ; Poorwa Exp ( Howrah - Varanasi - Delhi) Himgiri Exp ( Jammu - Varanasi - Howrah ) ; Sealdah Exp ( Varanasi - Jammu Tawi).
Varanasi, on NH 2 from Calcutta to Delhi, NHZ to Kanya Kumari and NH 29 to Gorakhpur is well connected to the rest of the country by good motorable roads. some of the major road distances are : Agra - 565 km, Allahabad - 128 km, Bhopal - 791 km, Bodhgaya - 240 km, Kanpur - 330 km, Khajuraho - 405 km, Lucknow - 286, Patna - 246 km, Sarnath - 10 Km.
Taxis: Private taxis are available from travel agencies, hotels, etc., auto rickshaws, cycle rickshaws and Tempos are also readily available.